George Brown Papers, Drafts of the Quebec Resolutions, Notes on the Division of Powers with Revisions (12 October 1864)
By: George Brown
Citation: George Brown Papers, Drafts of the Quebec Resolutions, Notes on the Division of Powers, October 12th, 1864 (MG 24, B 40, Vol. 21, p. 3768-3769).
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|Trade||Education – with reservation|
|Currency & Coinage||Inland Fisheries|
|Banking||Public Laws & Settlement|
|Interest||Hospitals & Charities|
|Insolvency||Agriculture – [illegible] [Concurrent]|
|Weights & Measures||Road & Bridges|
|Navigation||Power to borrow money under restriction [illegible]|
|Light Houses||Registration of titles|
|Sea fisheries||Municipal Laws|
|Patents & Copyrights||All Private & Local legislation except matter specially made general by the constitution|
|Telegraph Incorporation||Appointments –|
|Naturalization||Administration of Justice|
|Marriage & Divorce||Civil Laws|
|Agriculture – [illegible] [concurrent]||Executive –|
Militia & Defence
Power to Subsidize Local Leg.
Assume Property & Debts
All general legislation except matters specially made local
Emigration – Concurrent
|72 or 75|
Power to establish a Court of appeal
|To be paid|
|How local gov. [illegible]||P.E. 13|
|150 to 200|
|How often meet.|
Power of disallowance [checkmark]
Power to alter our government [checkmark]
[illegible] of law?
All matters affecting [illegible]
Clerks of the Peace
Inspection of commodities? [checkmark]
Imprisonment for debt? [checkmark]
[illegible] foreign bills?
Transference of Public Buildings [checkmark]
Seats of Gov. [checkmark]
Preservation of [illegible]
[illegible] Religious rights
Veto to General Government [checkmark]
Power to Parliament to distribute [illegible] [checkmark]
Nothing to prevent members in both chambers
Power to compel fulfilment of obligations
Who gets criminal power?
 MG24 B40 3768 (above) follows primarily the same structure as MG24 B40 3764-3765. The amendments in Brown’s longhand on MG24 B40 3764-3765 are found incorporated into this document. Like MG24 B40 3764-3765, I have tentatively dated MG24 B40 3768 and 3769 October 12th 1864 for the simple reason (again) the number of legislative councillors proposed for the new federation on MG24 B40 3768 is “72 or 75” whereas the number formally proposed during committee is first 72 councillors on October 13th, 1864. These notes must predate that formal resolution. There was I believe a drafting side-session on the evening of October 12th 1864 (as suggested by A.A. Macdonald’s (PEI) “Notes”), and these are Brown’s working notes of that session which saw the formal drafting of a number of resolutions (see A.A. Macdonald’s (PEI) “Notes”, p. 139 in this volume). [C.D.]
 I have included MG24 B40 3769 as an extension of MG24 B40 3768 since it features notes on the division of powers, and it is inserted in this order by Library and Archives Canada. However, there are too many provisions that are illegible. Future work will determine whether this is in fact its proper place.
Briefly, I would also note two lines that are surprising on this page. First, it is surprising to find ‘the power to alter our government’. But it was probably only discussed in the context of local constitutions, since this provision would otherwise oddly refer to a power to amend what would be British legislation. Second, it is also surprising to find the topic of indigenous peoples (“Indians”) in what seems to be among secondary draft provisions for the division of powers. The question of indigenous peoples or “Indians” was incorporated in later drafts when considering the topic of the uniformity of laws in Brown’s “Resolutions on Indians, etc.”, October 25th-26th 1864, p. 19 in this volume. [C.D.]